Fujifilm X-PRO2: Hot Pixels

In the “good old days” all the digital cameras were using CCD (Charge Coupled Device) sensors and now almost all digital cameras use CMOS (Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor) sensors. CMOS image sensors are so much cheaper to manufacture and they behave better (more linear) in less than perfect conditions.

The way the sensor works (extremely simplified) is they receive the light from the photosite (a small lens that is front of the each pixel of …

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Fujifilm X-PRO2: Standby Mode

Battery life for mirrorless cameras is dismal, especially when comparing with DSLR cameras. My Canon 7DMkII does easily 1200 exposures on one battery charge and I have had times with 2000+ exposures. My X-Pro2 with the Optical Viewfinder and no image display after taking the image gives me:

  1. The original Fujifilm battery: NP-W126S: 290 exposures
  2. The no-name brand battery: NP-W126: 180 exposures

BTW, these are my numbers, from my experience.

So turning off …

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Fujifilm X-PRO2: 3rd Party Batteries

Most batteries for cameras are Lithium Ion batteries.

The camera manufacturers batteries are in the $100 (in Canada), that’s for Canon, Nikon, Fujifilm… There are also plenty of batteries that are supposed to be compatible with the same model number that cost only 10% to 20% of the camera manufacturers batteries.

Most Lithium ion batteries for cameras are between 7.2 volt to 7.8 volt because they are made of 2 cells with …

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Fujifilm X-PRO2: AF Hunting

In the beginnings of Fujifilm’s revival, their cameras weren’t known for their great AF system in terms of both speed and accuracy. Many firmware later, Fujifilm has significantly improved the situation with both firmware and better lens focusing systems. But it’s not perfect yet. Even today, sometimes there is is some AF hunting.

  • The AF point is too small and therefore can’t find enough contrast to focus on.
  • The AF point …
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Fujifilm: Manual Focus & Focus Peaking

I started photography in the so called: “ the good old days.”

  • On SLRs (Single Lens Reflex cameras - long before the digital revolution) we had a small split screen in the center of the viewfinder to focus and that was it.
  • On rangefinders like the Canonet (which I had) and the Leica there was a little rangefinder in the middle of the viewfinder that was linked to the focusing ring of the lens. You looked in …
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Fujifilm X-PRO2: Aperture Rear Dial

When you place shutter switch to “A” and lens to”A”, you are in the P mode. The “Professional mode”. This means that the camera will select both the shutter speed and the aperture with a bias toward the higher shutter speed.

Do the half press on the shutter button and you will see the settings for both the aperture and the shutter speed.

If you keep your finger “half-pressing” the shutter and rotate the …

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Fujifilm: Metadata

In 2014, everybody, especially Barack Obama, was talking about metadata. The government was denying looking at emails and cellphone texts but only at the metadata.

What is METADATA? It’s data about the data.

People think that raw files are the raw data from the CMOS sensor. It’s not. It’s a structured file that is standardized and that is made of various sections:

  • A header that lists the byte-ordering of the file, the …
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Fujifilm X-PRO2: Faster Operations

There are many little things that will make the camera faster, but the two main settings are:

  1. Image display
  2. Memory card

Image Display

Menu > Wrench > SCREEN SETTING > IMAGE DISP. > OFF

When the camera’s drive mode is in STILL IMAGE (single), the camera won’t take another exposure while generating the review image.

Memory Card

The memory card speed makes a huge difference. In STILL IMAGE (single) mode, the camera won’t take another exposure …

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Fujifilm X-PRO2: WYSIWYG or the EVF

Almost all mirrorless cameras are WYSIWYG: “What You See Is What You Get”. That’s all the current mirrorless cameras except for two cameras: The Leica M serie and the Fujifilm X-Pro serie, but the X-Pros are both Optical ViewFinders (OVF) and Electronic ViewFinders (EVF).

WYSIWYG is a computer acronym that was first used by MicroPro for their word processor: WordStar. That was in 1981, long before the Mac or the Windows computers. They didn …

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Fujifilm & the Image Numbering

The Fujifilm cameras numbering is:

  1. Folder: The folders are numbered and start at 100, then 101, 102…
  2. Frame number: Each folder can have up to 9999 images

Reformatting or changing the SD memory card may not reset the frame numbers. The keyword here is “may” It depends on the settings of:

SETUP > SAVE DATA SET-UP > FRAME NO

There are two options:

  1. CONTINUOUS: The image number continues in the same folder as before and it continues …
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Fujifilm: Lens Modulation Optimizer

The Fujifilm lens modulation optimizer’s job is to:

  1. Adjust for image for the diffraction that happens when closing the aperture.
  2. Fix the loss of focus at the periphery of the lens (which is different from vignetting) by reconstructing some of the lost details.

This works only with the modern Fujifilm lenses, the XF and the XC serie of Fujifilm lenses.

  • The Lens Module Optimizer only operates in the Fujifilm cameras only.
  • The Lens Module …
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